GDPR for Dummies: An Easy to Read Guide

GDPR for Dummies: An Easy to Read Guide

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Our life has been inclined to an information-driven world. All single things that you’ve shared online are all stored and processed. Reserving rooms, posting videos and photos, and booking your flight is one of those things.

The organization that takes all the information being shared is being handled responsibly by them. Hence, this is to guarantee that your information is being held privately. The most notable company or organization is what we called the “GDPR.” What is GDPR?

  • GDPR means “General Data Protection Regulation.”
  • The GDPR or General Data Protection Regulation secures all the information of the people residing in the European Union.
  • The European Parliament, European Commission, and Council of the European Union are the ones who started in exhibiting this GDPR. Thus, this is then to give residents a more noteworthy degree of command over their personal information.  

Subjects and Recipients of the GDPR for Dummies

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For quite a long time of discussing and refining the guidelines of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), on April 14, 2016, the European Parliament formally endorsed it.

  • A two-year progress period is given by the EU in order to reach one of its goals, which is the compliance and consistency of the rules.
  • On May 25, 2018, this was the exact date when it became effective.
  • There are new principles been set by this time that tackles all about information security and launch a worldwide policy that is then the start of the change of how we utilize the internet.

If you’ve attempted to find out about the contexts of GDPR, the odds are quite low as encountering and understanding all of its legal terminologies hits confusion. Despite the fact that the piece of legislation is intricate, the principles are direct at all, which makes it easy to understand.

Henceforth, this article will discuss the major concepts of GDPR, and this article is best if you are under GDPR for dummies.

Three Major Recipients of GPDR

In wide scope, there are three classifications of people that are covered by the GDPR. The primary is what we called the controller.

  1. The controller is all about the government office or association, whether private or public, initiating the work of collecting and processing all the personal data. Moreover, they are the element that mainly gathers and uses personal information or shares the data.
  2. The second classification is what we called the processors.
  3. Per its name, they are the people under the government office or association that process every single data.  You can likely label them as IT companies or any third-party (outsider) marketing organizations.
  4. On the other hand, you can also label it as just the application that processes information. Henceforth, all applications that gather personal information are subjected to compliance of the GDPR.
  5. In another case, a similar association can able to hold, control, and process all the data.
  6. The third classification is what we called the data subjects.
  7. You are an automatic recipient of the GDPR is your personal information is being collected by the controllers and processors.
  8. These recipients hold the option of accessing their personal information so they can request altering their data and correcting some errors. When such of these people are made, it must be done before the thirty days are over.
  9. The General Data Protection Regulation additionally provides the data subjects the privilege to the versatility that means the data must be given in an organized and in an electronic arrangement.

Main Recipients of GDPR

Individual information relates to all underlying data of a person, instead of any kind of association or business that has set all their protection and data set under such designate assurance or protection laws.

The list below contains all the elements of data that are all considered personal. Thus, this hits the hole of GDPR’s principles.

  • Given Names (First Name, Middle Name, Last Name, Maiden Name, etc.)
  • Birth Dates
  • Telephone or Mobile Phone Numbers
  • Primary and Secondary Address
  • Bank Information
  • Passport Number
  • Location Data
  • Photos and Videos
  • Perspectives (Opinion)
  • Recordings of your friend or anyone out there

Special Types of Recipients of GDPR

There are specific snippets of data that are especially confidential and sensitive that could bring harm in case of an information breach. “Special Categories” is the name of these sorts of information below the GDPR system.

If the chance of collecting and processing of this data is to be acquired by some entity, then a more prominent degree of security is required. Justifications must be done throughout the single data which are used and asked to comply properly with the GDPR’s laws. Thus, this belongs to Article 9 of the GDPR, which then must be followed thoroughly.

These examples are subject under the “special categories” of the GDPR.

  • Ethnicity or Race
  • Medical Data
  • Genetic (Biological) Data
  • Religion
  • Spiritual Beliefs
  • Gender Beliefs
  • Political Beliefs
  • Philosophical Belief
  • Trade Union Alliances

Exempted Recipients of the GDPR

There are exempted recipients of the GDPR, and these are the organizations that fall under the exempted part of GDPR’s Article 85 and 91. However, you can still apply if you wanted to, but there are such explicit exemptions that can be seen in GDPR’s Article 23.

In spite of the fact that doing so may mean repudiating the other rules of the GDPR, the General Data Protection Regulation decides to ensure individual information. If a person represents a danger or threat to the freedom, rights, and opportunities of others, it is regularly situated that their underlying information is not under GDPR anymore. Furthermore, this falls also in the case of other residents.

Below are examples of personal data that are no longer included. On the other hand, the member of the states can still apply to tighten the security of their data; however, there are such exemptions which you should always follow, or the laws of the GDPR will be implemented back again on it.

  • Financial Security
  • Suspected Tax Evasion
  • Freedom of Information
  • Public Health Concerns
  • Crime Prevention
  • Defense Concerns
  • Prosecution of a Crime

Subjects Needed in Compliance with the GDPR

There are seven (7) subjects that you must or needed to do in compliance with the General Data Protection Regulation.

1. Obtaining Assent or Consent

  • Concise and clear should be the major line of the terms of your assent or consent.
  • This implies that no such stuff terminologies will be handled to your clients that may raise confusion and unawareness.
  • The consent must be effortlessly given all the time, and it can be withdrawn at any minute.

2. Timely Breach Notice

  • Within 72 hours, if a security breach happens or been given to you, you have the right hand to inform both your data controllers and clients.
  • Thus, this can only happen if your organization has the ability to require or call for an information controller at GDPR.
  • You will be subjected to fines when you can’t report this breach within the given time.

3. Easy Data Access

  • If a moment happens that your clients demand their current data profile, you should give them all the right to easily access it, or you should serve them with an accessible electronic copy.
  • It should also be incorporated to your clients on what are the single elements you did with their information.

4. Option to be overlooked

  • This is the privilege to erase some parts of the data.
  • You should give the rights to your clients when they said they wanted their data to be erased, once the primary reason and purpose of the information has been understood. Do not revoke their rights against it!

5. Information Mobility

  • Your clients must be given the free will to have their data at hand.
  • This permits your client to make sure they can easily access all their personal data.
  • Your clients, reusing their personal information out from your organization, must not be hindered.

6. Security by Plan

  • Correct security conventions or protocols must be set up from the beginning before you are going to plan your company system.
  • The inability to put your plan and present to the GDPR will be subjected to a major fine.

7. Potential Information Insurance Officials

  • A DPO, Data Protection Officer, must be needed within your company.
  • Even if your company is just a small one or on what level the company is in, the need to have a DPO is a must.

Subjects to Non-Compliance of the GDPR’s Laws

Failures to comply the GDPR’s Law are subjected to these following protocols:

  • Cases like information infringement, an unapproved transfer of information, disregarded methods in taking care of information, or demands from the clients are overlooked, these underlying misconducts are part of the high-level fines.
  • Cases like abuse of information, yet for a minor scope, are part of the low-level fines. Abuse of information covers the following transgression: neglecting to regulate the right information security conventions or protocols or neglecting to advise and report to your clients about the ongoing breach.
  • Subject to failure or noncompliance to the GDPR would result in €20million fine. Or, the revenue, annually, that your company acquired will be subjected to a 4% deduction (subject to fine).
  • If the offense does not weigh too much, only €10million will be the fine payment. Or, the revenue, annually, that your company acquired will be subjected to a 2% deduction (subject to fine).

Therefore, the degree of your offense will be subjected to such different levels of fine.


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There are 99 Articles and 11 Chapters of the GDPR’s Law Book on how to identify and protect all types of information that are gathered, processed, and stored. Taking note of this GDPR for Dummies as an essential guide to knowing all about GDPR ought not to be viewed as the reason for compliance of the GDPR.

All citizens and companies located in the European Union must undergo and follow the GDPR’s principles. Thus, this is to ensure what are the given measures you must know. If you are a person who wants to operate such a company, bury in your head that failure to comply with the GDPR’s principles will be subjected to fine. All the wrong things that you let to happen or make it happen will have its own medicine. It’s too imperative to see and know the approaches and major guidelines of the GDPR, as this will bring you the fundamental security of your rights. The GDPR must be seen as a positive power that will protect all your information no matter what circumstances may happen. It adds security to your personal information and will shield you from overstepping the boundaries.

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